Dopamine and diltiazem-induced natriuresis in the spontaneously hypertensive rat

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology




1 42-1




Dopamine-1 receptor; Sodium pump activity


An attenuated natriuretic response to dopamine and D1 agonists in genetic hypertension has been attributed to an uncoupling of the renal D1 dopamine receptor from its G protein-effector protein complex. We have reported that in normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats the natriuresis induced by calcium channel blockers is caused in part by activation of renal D1 dopamine receptors. We tested the interaction between the renal D1 receptor and a calcium channel blocker, diltiazem, infused into a renal artery of anesthetized spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) acutely loaded with 5% saline. Diltiazem produced a 50% increase in renal blood flow and nearly tripled absolute and fractional sodium excretion; urine flow rate more than doubled, but glomerular filtration rate did not change. However, the D1 receptor antagonist SKF-83742, which had no effect by itself, did not diminish the response to diltiazem. In a separate group of concurrent experiments, we found that the diltiazem-induced natriuresis was associated with a decrease in Na+-K+-adenosinetriphosphatase activity in the renal medulla of SHR. In contrast, in WKY rats, no changes were noted in the renal medulla but a decrease in Na+-K+-adenosinetriphosphatase activity was noted in the renal cortex. Diltiazem had no effect on urinary dopamine excretion in either rat strain. We conclude that diltiazem induces natriuresis differently in SHR and WKY rats; it is independent of D1 receptors in SHR and is in great part mediated by renal hemodynamic, rather than by cortical tubular, effects. These studies support previous findings of a defective renal cortical tubular D1 mechanism in SHR.