Title

Perturbation of d1 Dopamine and AT1 Receptor Interaction in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1-1-2003

Journal

Hypertension

Volume

42

Issue

4

DOI

10.1161/01.HYP.0000085334.34963.4E

Keywords

Angiotensin II; Dopamine; Essential; Hypertension; Kidney; Muscle; Receptors; Smooth; Vascular

Abstract

The dopaminergic and renin-angiotensin systems interact to regulate blood pressure. Because this interaction may be perturbed in genetic hypertension, we studied D1 dopamine and AT1 angiotensin receptors in immortalized renal proximal tubule (RPT) and A10 aortic vascular smooth muscle cells. In normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats, the D1-like agonist fenoldopam increased D1 receptors but decreased AT1 receptors. These effects were blocked by the D1-like antagonist SCH 23390 (107 mol/L per 24 hours). In spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) RPT cells, fenoldopam also decreased AT1 receptors but no longer stimulated D1 receptor expression. Basal levels of AT1/D1 receptor coimmunoprecipitation were greater in WKY RPT cells (292 density units, DU) than in SHR RPT cells (212 DU, n=7 per group, P <0.05). The coimmunoprecipitation of D1 and AT1 receptors was increased by fenoldopam (107 mol/L per 24 hours) in WKY RPT cells but decreased in SHR RPT cells. The effects of fenoldopam in RPT cells from WKY rats were similar in aortic vascular smooth muscle cells from normotensive BD IX rats, that is, fenoldopam decreased AT1 receptors and increased D1 receptors. Our studies show differential regulation of the expression of D1 and AT1 receptors in RPT cells from WKY and SHR. This regulation and D1/AT1 receptor interaction are different in RPT cells of WKY and SHR. An altered interaction of D1 and AT1 receptors may play a role in the impaired sodium excretion and enhanced vasoconstriction in hypertension. © 2003 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

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