Activation of D3 dopamine receptor decreases angiotensin II type 1 receptor expression in rat renal proximal tubule cells

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



Circulation Research








AT receptor 1; D receptor 3; Hypertension; Renal proximal tubule cells


The dopaminergic and renin angiotensin systems interact to regulate blood pressure. Disruption of the D3 dopamine receptor gene in mice produces renin-dependent hypertension. In rats, D2-like receptors reduce angiotensin II binding sites in renal proximal tubules (RPTs). Because the major D2-like receptor in RPTs is the D3 receptor, we examined whether D3 receptors regulate angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptors in rat RPT cells. The effect of D3 receptors on AT1 receptors was studied in vitro and in vivo. The D3 receptor agonist PD128907 decreased AT1 receptor protein and mRNA in WKY RPT cells and increased it in SHR cells. PD128907 increased D3 receptors in WKY cells but had no effect in SHR cells. D3/AT1 receptors colocalized in RPT cells; D3 receptor stimulation decreased the percent amount of D3 receptors that coimmunoprecipitated with AT1 receptors to a greater extent in WKY than in SHR cells. However, D3 receptor stimulation did not change the percent amount of AT1 receptors that coimmunoprecipitated with D3 receptors in WKY cells and markedly decreased the coimmunoprecipitation in SHR cells. The D3 receptor also regulated the AT1 receptor in vivo because AT1 receptor expression was increased in kidneys of D3 receptor-null mice compared with wild type littermates. D3 receptors may regulate AT1 receptor function by direct interaction with and regulation of AT1 receptor expression. One mechanism of hypertension may be related to increased renal expression of AT1 receptors due decreased D3 receptor regulation. © 2006 American Heart Association, Inc.