Renal D3 dopamine receptor stimulation induces natriuresis by endothelin B receptor interactions
D dopamine receptor 3; Endothelin B receptor; Renal proximal tubule cell
Dopaminergic and endothelin systems participate in the control blood pressure by regulating sodium transport in the renal proximal tubule. Disruption of either the endothelin B receptor (ETB) or D3 dopamine receptor gene in mice produces hypertension. To examine whether these two receptors interact we studied the Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) rats by selectively infusing reagents into the right kidney of anesthetized rats. The D3 receptor agonist (PD128907) caused natriuresis in WKY rats which was partially blocked by the ETB receptor antagonist. In contrast, PD128907 blunted sodium excretion in the SHRs. We found using laser confocal microscopy that the ETB receptor was mainly located in the cell membrane in control WKY cells. Treatment with the D3 receptor antagonist caused its internalization into intracellular compartments that contained the D 3 receptors. Combined use of D3 and ETB antagonists failed to internalize ETB receptors in cells from WKY rats. In contrast in SHR cells, ETB receptors were found mainly in internal compartments under basal condition and thus were likely prevented from interacting with the agonist-stimulated, membrane-bound D3 receptors. Our studies suggest that D3 receptors physically interact with proximal tubule ETB receptors and that the blunted natriuretic effect of dopamine in SHRs may be explained, in part, by abnormal D3/ETB receptor interactions. © 2008 International Society of Nephrology.
Zeng, C., Asico, L., Yu, C., Villar, V., Shi, W., Luo, Y., Wang, Z., He, D., Liu, Y., Huang, L., Yang, C., Wang, X., Hopfer, U., Eisner, G., & Jose, P. (2008). Renal D3 dopamine receptor stimulation induces natriuresis by endothelin B receptor interactions. Kidney International, 74 (6). http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ki.2008.247