Impaired stimulatory effect of ETB receptor on D3 receptor in immortalized renal proximal tubule cells of spontaneously hypertensive rats

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



Kidney and Blood Pressure Research








Dopamine receptor; Endothelin receptor; Essential hypertension


Background: Activation of renal D3 receptor induces natriuresis and diuresis in Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats; in the presence of ETB receptor antagonist, the natriuretic effect of D3 receptor in WKY rats is reduced. We hypothesize that ETB receptor activation may regulate D3 receptor expression in renal proximal tubule (RPT) cells from WKY rats, which is impaired in RPT cells from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Methods: D3 receptor expression was determined by immunoblotting; the D 3/ETB receptor linkage was checked by coimmunoprecipitation; Na +-K+-ATPase activity was determined as the rate of inorganic phosphate released in the presence or absence of ouabain. Results: In RPT cells from WKY rats, the ETB receptor agonist BQ3020 increased D3 receptor protein. In contrast, in RPT cells from SHRs, BQ3020 did not increase D3 receptor. There was coimmunoprecipitation between D3 and ETB receptors in RPT cells from WKY and SHRs. Activation of ETB receptor increased D3/ETB coimmunoprecipitation in RPT cells from WKY rats, but not from SHRs. The basal levels of D3/ETB receptor coimmunoprecipitation were greater in RPT cells from WKY rats than in those from SHRs. Stimulation of D3 receptor inhibited Na+-K +-ATPase activity, which was augmented by the pretreatment with the ETB receptor agonist BQ3020 in WKY RPT cells, but not in SHR RPT cells. Conclusion: ETB receptors regulate and physically interact with D3 receptors differently in WKY rats and SHRs. The impaired natriuretic effect in SHRs may be, in part, related to impaired ETB and D3 receptor interactions. Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG.