Antigenic variation in Giardia lamblia
Journal of Immunology
Clones of the WB isolate of Giardia lamblia were exposed to cytotoxic mAb 6E7 which reacts with a 170-kDa surface Ag. Surviving progeny occurred at a frequency of about 1 in 1000 and were resistant to the effects of mAb 6E7. Analysis of progeny and clones of these progeny by surface radiolabeling, surface immunofluorescence, and Westen blotting failed to detect the 170-kDa Ag. Loss of this Ag was associated with the appearance of a series of new surface Ag. A cytotoxic mAb (5C1) was produced to one of the newly appearing antigens (≃64 kDa) and Giardia resistant to the cytotoxic effects of 5C1 isolated. Neither the ≃64 kDa nor the 170 kDa Ag were present and were replaced by a second series of new Ag. These studies clearly establish the loss and subsequent replacement of two antigenically distinct epitopes on Giardia derived from a single organism.
Nash, T., Aggarwal, A., Adam, R., Conrad, J., & Merritt, J. (1988). Antigenic variation in Giardia lamblia. Journal of Immunology, 141 (2). Retrieved from https://hsrc.himmelfarb.gwu.edu/smhs_medicine_facpubs/3641