Title

Poor patient compliance with instructions for continuous sialogogues after 131I therapy

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1-1-2019

Journal

Oral Diseases

Volume

25

Issue

1

DOI

10.1111/odi.12969

Keywords

131 I therapy; continuous sialogogues; differentiated thyroid cancer; patient compliance; salivary side effects

Abstract

© 2018 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. All rights reserved Objectives: To analyze the role of patient compliance as a factor in evaluating the effectiveness of continuous sialogogues to prevent salivary side effects from 131I therapy in differentiated thyroid cancer patients. Methods: Differentiated thyroid cancer patients who were clinically scheduled for an 131I therapy at MedStar Washington Hospital Center between 2012 and 2013 were given instructions for continuous sialogogues per standard clinical protocol. The prospective survey was given at multiple time points. Results: Ninety-nine patients consented to participate of whom 94 participants had complete data. The mean prescribed 131I activity was 121 ± 50 mCi (4.5 ± 1.9 GBq), range 27.5–288 mCi (1.0–10.7 GBq). Overall, only 10% (9/94) of patients were compliant with continuous sialogogues. Even though all patients took sialogogues on the first day of post-therapy, 17% of participants did not continuously take sialogogues during the first day, 60% during the first night, and 72% on the second day despite rigorous instructions to continue for two days. Conclusion: Despite repetitive instructions to use sialogogues continuously, most patients (90%) were not compliant. In future studies, strict monitoring and evaluation of patient compliance will be crucial when assessing the effect of continuous versus intermittent or delayed initiation of sialogogues.

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