Title

Using functional magnetic resonance imaging to improve how we understand, teach, and assess clinical reasoning

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1-1-2014

Journal

Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions

Volume

34

Issue

1

DOI

10.1002/chp.21215

Keywords

Assessment; Clinical reasoning; Evaluation-educational intervention; FMRI; Innovative educational interventions

Abstract

Clinical reasoning is essential to the practice of medicine. There have been many advances in the understanding of clinical reasoning and its assessment, yet current approaches have a number of important limitations. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is promising because it permits investigators to directly view the neuroanatomical changes that occur with thinking. In this article, we briefly review current approaches to assessing clinical reasoning, discuss the emerging role and utility of fMRI in understanding clinical reasoning, and suggest directions for future research, continuing education, and practice. © 2014 The Alliance for Continuing Education in the Health Professions, the Society for Academic Continuing Medical Education, and the Council on Continuing Medical Education, Association for Hospital Medical Education.

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