Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine



In Saudi Arabia, the establishment of pharmacy services as a part of the emergency department is relatively new and has been run by non-residency-trained pharmacists and limited to non-emergency services. We sought to explore emergency department staff members’ perceptions of clinical emergency pharmacy services in an academic emergency department.


In this survey study, 24 questions were sent to all emergency department staff 9 months after establishing an emergency pharmacist program with the goal of improving medication safety and quality of care.


Most, 122 out of 145 (84%), emergency department staff members responded to the survey. All 41 emergency department providers completed the survey, compared to 81 (78%) nurses. Half of the respondents had less than 1 year of experience working with emergency pharmacist. Two-thirds (66%) had consulted an emergency pharmacist at least once; however, 68% of providers had no contact with the emergency pharmacist. Almost half (46%) agreed that the emergency pharmacist’s contribution to medication safety was maximized through the order review process, and more than three-fourths (77%) agreed that an emergency pharmacist should review all orders. Most respondents agreed that the emergency pharmacist improves the quality of care (89%), is an integral part of the emergency department team (86%), is more useful if located in the emergency department (87%); it is helpful if he or she checks medication orders before they are carried out (88%), enhances the emergency department staff’s ability to deliver safe, quality care during medical resuscitations (85%), and is a valuable educator serving both patients (88%) and emergency department staff (77%). All respondents were in positive agreement with the different specific functions for the emergency pharmacist role.


The emergency department staff believes that an emergency pharmacist is an important part of the emergency department team, acts to maximize medication safety, contributes to the education of emergency department staff and patients, and improves the quality of care.


Reproduced with permission of Sage Publishers. Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine

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Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License

Peer Reviewed


Open Access