Interventions to improve primary care provider management of atopic dermatitis: A systematic review

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



Pediatric Dermatology




atopic dermatitis; eczema; education; primary care


© 2021 Wiley Periodicals LLC. Most atopic dermatitis (AD) patients are managed by primary care providers (PCPs). PCP discomfort diagnosing and managing AD leads to suboptimal patient outcomes. In order to determine the efficacy of interventions aimed at improving PCP management of AD, a systematic literature review was performed for interventions to improve primary care management of AD. PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, LILACS, Cochrane, GREAT, and CINAHL were searched from database origin to February 24, 2020. Two reviewers independently performed the title/abstract and full-text review, and data extraction. Overall, 3009 non-duplicate articles were screened; 145 full-text articles were assessed. Thirteen studies met inclusion criteria, including 8 randomized controlled trials, 2 cohorts, 2 qualitative studies, and 1 unspecified design. Seven interventions (53.8%) significantly improved PCP knowledge/ability and/or a patient outcome, including patients consulting with a dermatology-trained nurse, pairing clinical education with expert consultation, pairing trainees with clinical mentors, giving clinicians a treatment guide, pairing clinical education with a treatment guide, and providing an eczema action plan. Studies had moderate-high risk-of-bias, moderate quality, and heterogeneous designs. There are few studies published and little evidence supporting the efficacy of interventions aimed at improving primary care management of AD. Further research is required to develop and implement effective interventions to improve primary care management of AD.