Title

Detecting Secular Trends in Clinical Treatment through Temporal Analysis

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

3-1-2019

Journal

Journal of Medical Systems

Volume

43

Issue

3

DOI

10.1007/s10916-019-1173-0

Keywords

Data mining; Diabetes mellitus type II; Practice guidelines; Practice patterns

Abstract

© 2019, This is a U.S. Government work and not under copyright protection in the US; foreign copyright protection may apply. Medical treatments change over time for multiple reasons, including introduction of new treatments, availability of new scientific evidence, change in institutional guidelines, and market efforts by pharmaceutical and medical device companies. Monitoring and analyzing these secular trends will also inform the evaluation of evidence based practice as well as outcome research. Using a large national clinical dataset from the United States Veterans Health Administration (VHA), we measured the change in prevalence of all diseases, medications, and procedures by year from 2001 to 2014. To assess statistical significance, we used a generalized linear model. Among the large number of changes that were observed, multiple significant changes were related to diabetes mellitus type II (DM2). Prevalence of DM2 in the VHA increased after 2001 but plateaued by 2008; blood sugar testing by glycosylated hemoglobin increased consistently while glucose testing decreased; and the trend of insulin and metformin use was consistent with the trend in DM2 prevalence, while glyburide and rosiglitazone use dropped sharply.

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