Document Type


Date of Degree

Spring 5-29-2020

Primary Advisor

Dr. Leonard Friedman


Bacterial Infections and Mycoses; Biochemistry; Bioelectrical and Neuroengineering; Bioimaging and Biomedical Optics; Bioinformatics; Biological Engineering; Biology and Biomimetic Materials; Biomaterials; Biomechanics; Biomechanics and Biotransport; Biomedical and Dental Materials; Biomedical Devices and Instrumentation; Business Administration, Management, and Operations; Business Analytics; Business and Corporate Communications; Business Intelligence; Cancer Biology; Cardiovascular Diseases; Cell Biology; Computational Engineering; Curriculum and Instruction; Diagnosis; Digestive System Diseases; Digital Circuits; Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research; Educational Leadership; Educational Methods; Educational Technology; Engineering Mechanics; Entrepreneurial and Small Business Operations; Equipment and Supplies; Ergonomics; Exercise Science; Genetics; Genomics; Hardware Systems; Health and Medical Administration; Immune System Diseases; Instructional Media Design; Interprofessional Education; Investigative Techniques; Laboratory and Basic Science Research; Management Information Systems; Management Sciences and Quantitative Methods; Mechanics of Materials; Medical Education; Medical Sciences; Medical Specialties; Medicine and Health Sciences; Molecular Biology; Molecular, Cellular, and Tissue Engineering; Molecular Genetics; Motor Control; Nanoscience and Nanotechnology; Nanotechnology; Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases; Oncology; Online and Distance Education; Operations and Supply Chain Management; Organizational Behavior and Theory; Other Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment; Other Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering; Other Chemicals and Drugs; Other Genetics and Genomics; Other Kinesiology; Other Life Sciences; Pharmaceutical Preparations; Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences; Public Health; Robotics; Science and Mathematics Education; Semiconductor and Optical Materials; Social and Behavioral Sciences; Strategic Management Policy; Surgical Procedures, Operative; Systems and Integrative Engineering; Technology and Innovation; Telemedicine; Therapeutics; Translational Medical Research; Virus Diseases



Innovation, although a subject of considerable debate (e.g., Baregheh et al., 2009; Christensen, 1997), can be defined as the introduction and dissemination of a new or a different idea into use or practice that drives impact (Solis and Sinfield, 2014). Many studies and editorials have highlighted the complexity of the United States health system and detailed the slow speed by which innovative ideas materialize into impactful innovations (Continuing America’s leadership (2017); England & Stewart (2007); Kannampallil, Schauer, Cohen & Patel (2011)). While there are many advances in sensor and wearable technologies in this instance, the adoption rate by oncologists has been slow. This slow or lack of adoption has a deep impact on the care, comfort, and potential survival of cancer patients. This study intends to describe barriers and facilitators to sensor technology adoption in oncology, then map those barriers and facilitators across two sets of stakeholders (oncologists and technologists).

This qualitative study highlights key barriers including costs of technology, lack of time by oncologists, lack of communication between the two group, cultural and organizational factors, as well as global and policy factors. The enablers included the desire by both groups to work together for the benefit of the patients, as well as the need for tailored interventions leveraging an architected framework to propel this collaboration and align the stakeholders. The result of the study is a comprehensive conceptual framework and next steps detailed a short, medium, and long-term approach leading to adaptation, adoption, and diffusion. Being a first study of its kind, this can lead to further advancement in the field in terms of research and translational science.


©2020 Sam Hanna. All rights reserved.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Open Access




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