Title

Sequence and genomic structure of the human adult skeletal muscle sodium channel alpha subunit gene on 17q.

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1-31-1992

Journal

Biochemical and biophysical research communications

Volume

182

Publisher

Academic Press

Keywords

Adult; Amino Acid Sequence; Animals; Brain; Cell Line; Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17; Cloning, Molecular; DNA; Eels; Electric Organ; Genomic Library; Humans; Macromolecular Substances; Molecular Sequence Data; Muscles; Polymerase Chain Reaction; Rats; Restriction Mapping; Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid; Sodium Channels

Abstract

The amino acid sequence of the sodium channel alpha subunit from adult human skeletal muscle has been deduced by cross-species PCR-mediated cloning and sequencing of the cDNA. The protein consists of 1836 amino acid residues. The amino acid sequence shows 93% identity to the alpha subunit from rat adult skeletal muscle and 70% identity to the alpha subunit from other mammalian tissues. A 500 kb YAC clone containing the complete coding sequence and two overlapping lambda clones covering 68% of the cDNA were used to estimate the gene size at 35 kb. The YAC clone proved crucial for gene structure studies as the high conservation between ion channel genes made hybridization studies with total genomic DNA difficult. Our results provide valuable information for the study of periodic paralysis and paramyotonia congenita, two inherited neurological disorders which are caused by point mutations within this gene.

Peer Reviewed

1

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