Fluorescent multiplex linkage analysis and carrier detection for Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy.

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



American journal of human genetics




DNA; Dystrophin; Exons; Female; Gene Deletion; Genetic Carrier Screening; Genetic Linkage; Humans; Male; Muscular Dystrophies; Oligodeoxyribonucleotides; Pedigree; Polymerase Chain Reaction; Pregnancy; Prenatal Diagnosis; Spectrometry, Fluorescence


We have developed a fast and accurate PCR-based linkage and carrier detection protocol for families of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD)/Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) patients with or without detectable deletions of the dystrophin gene, using fluorescent PCR products analyzed on an automated sequencer. When a deletion is found in the affected male DMD/BMD patient by standard multiplex PCR, fluorescently labeled primers specific for the deleted and nondeleted exon(s) are used to amplify the DNA of at-risk female relatives by using multiplex PCR at low cycle number (20 cycles). The products are then quantitatively analyzed on an automatic sequencer to determine whether they are heterozygous for the deletion and thus are carriers. As a confirmation of the deletion data, and in cases in which a deletion is not found in the proband, fluorescent multiplex PCR linkage is done by using four previously described polymorphic dinucleotide sequences. The four (CA)n repeats are located throughout the dystrophin gene, making the analysis highly informative and accurate. We present the successful application of this protocol in families who proved refractory to more traditional analyses.


This is an open access PubMed Central article.

Peer Reviewed


Open Access


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