Lipoprotein insulin resistance score in nondiabetic patients with obesity after bariatric surgery
Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases
Bariatric surgery; Cardiometabolic risk; Dyslipidemia; Insulin resistance; Lipoprotein insulin resistance score; Metabolic syndrome
© 2020 American Society for Bariatric Surgery Background: Lipoprotein insulin resistance (LPIR) score is a composite biomarker representative of atherogenic dyslipidemia characteristic of early insulin resistance. It is elevated in obesity and may provide information not captured in glycosylated hemoglobin and homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance. While bariatric surgery reduces diabetes incidence and resolves metabolic syndrome, the effect of bariatric surgery on LPIR is untested. Objectives: We sought to assess the effects of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy on LPIR in nondiabetic women with obesity. Setting: Nonsmoking, nondiabetic, premenopausal Hispanic women, age ≥18 years, undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy at Bellevue Hospital were recruited for a prospective observational study. Methods: Anthropometric measures and blood sampling were performed preoperatively and at 6 and 12 months postoperatively. LPIR was measured by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Results: Among 53 women (Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, n = 22; sleeve gastrectomy, n = 31), mean age was 32 ± 7 years and body mass index 44.1 ± 6.4 kg/m2. LPIR was reduced by 35 ± 4% and 46 ± 4% at 6 and 12 months after surgery, respectively, with no difference by procedure. Twenty-seven of 53 patients met International Diabetes Federation criteria for metabolic syndrome preoperatively and had concomitant higher homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance, glycosylated hemoglobin, nonhigh-density lipoprotein-cholesterol and LPIR. Twenty-five of 27 patients experienced resolution of metabolic syndrome postoperatively. Concordantly, the preoperative differences in homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance, glycosylated hemoglobin, and nonhigh-density lipoprotein-cholesterol between those with and without metabolic syndrome resolved at 6 and 12 months. In contrast, patients with metabolic syndrome preoperatively exhibited greater LPIR scores at 6 and 12 months postoperatively. Conclusion: This is the first study to demonstrate improvement in insulin resistance, as measured by LPIR, after bariatric surgery with no difference by procedure. This measure, but not traditional markers, was persistently higher in patients with a preoperative metabolic syndrome diagnosis, despite resolution of the condition.
Zhang, R., Lin, B., Parikh, M., Fisher, E., Berger, J., Aleman, J., & Heffron, S. (2020). Lipoprotein insulin resistance score in nondiabetic patients with obesity after bariatric surgery. Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases, 16 (10). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soard.2020.05.008