Contemporary Single-Center Experience With Prophylactic Cerebrospinal Fluid Drainage for Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair in Patients at High Risk for Ischemic Spinal Cord Injury
Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
anesthesia; aortic surgery; lumbar drain; neuroprotection
Objective: To review rates of permanent paraplegia and lumbar drain-related complications in patients undergoing thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) surgery with prophylactic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage at the authors’ institution. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Tertiary care, academic medical center. Participants: Patients who underwent TEVAR with a high risk for ischemic spinal cord injury and prophylactic lumbar CSF drainage over a 5-year period. Interventions: None. Measurements and Main Results: One hundred and two patients underwent TEVAR with lumbar CSF drainage. Thirty-day mortality was 5.9%, and the rate of permanent paraplegia was 2%. Drain complications occurred in 4 (3.9%) patients, but no patient experienced permanent injury related to CSF drainage. Two patients in the cohort had complete resolution of paraplegia with increased CSF drainage and mean arterial blood pressure increases aimed to increase spinal cord perfusion pressure by 25%. A third patient experienced improvement in lower extremity strength but remained paraplegic, and a fourth patient demonstrated no improvement in symptoms. The 6 patients taking clopidogrel experienced no bleeding complications, and there were no apparent risk factors for bleeding in the 5 patients who had bloody drain output or in 1 patient who developed an epidural hematoma. Conclusion: Prophylactic CSF drainage was associated with low paraplegia and drain-related complication rates. These data further support the safety of prophylactic CSF drainage in patients undergoing TEVAR with a high risk for ischemic spinal cord injury.
Mazzeffi, M., Abuelkasem, E., Drucker, C., Kalsi, R., Toursavadkohi, S., Harris, D., Rock, P., Tanaka, K., Taylor, B., & Crawford, R. (2018). Contemporary Single-Center Experience With Prophylactic Cerebrospinal Fluid Drainage for Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair in Patients at High Risk for Ischemic Spinal Cord Injury. Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia, 32 (2). http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.jvca.2017.12.002