Evaluating the association between pulmonary abnormalities and complications following pediatric hip dysplasia surgery
European journal of orthopaedic surgery & traumatology : orthopedie traumatologie
Airway abnormality; Complications; Hip dysplasia; Structural pulmonary abnormality; Surgical treatment
PURPOSE: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) encompasses a wide range of abnormal hip development and is a common condition in the pediatric population. Congenital pulmonary abnormalities are typically mild in the pediatric population but can be associated with severe comorbid conditions. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of structural pulmonary/airway abnormalities on the incidence of postoperative complications following surgical management of DDH. METHODS: From 2012 to 2019, the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatric database was utilized to identify pediatric patients undergoing surgical treatment for hip dysplasia. Patients were stratified into two groups: patients with a structural pulmonary/airway abnormality and patients without a pulmonary abnormality. Patient demographics, comorbidities, and postoperative complications were compared between the two cohorts with the use of various statistical analyses, including bivariate and multivariate analyses. RESULTS: Of the 10,853 patients who underwent surgical treatment for hip dysplasia, 10,157 patients (93.6%) did not have a structural pulmonary/airway abnormality whereas 696 (6.4%) had an airway abnormality. Following adjustment on multivariate analysis, patients with a structural pulmonary abnormality had an increased risk of cardiac arrest requiring cardiopulmonary resuscitation (OR 2.342; p = 0.045). CONCLUSION: The results indicated that patients with a structural pulmonary abnormality had an increased risk of cardiac arrest requiring cardiopulmonary resuscitation compared to those without a pulmonary abnormality. Ensuring appropriate preoperative evaluation with a multidisciplinary team and close monitoring postoperatively is important to prevent the risk of severe outcomes in this vulnerable patient population.
Pizzarro, Jordan; Quan, Theodore; Manzi, Joseph E.; Chen, Frank R.; Gu, Alex; and Tabaie, Sean, "Evaluating the association between pulmonary abnormalities and complications following pediatric hip dysplasia surgery" (2022). GW Authored Works. Paper 979.