Persistence of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy despite vincristine reduction in childhood b-acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Journal of the National Cancer Institute
BACKGROUND: Children with B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) are at risk for chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN). Children's Oncology Group AALL0932 randomized reduction in vincristine/dexamethasone (every 4-week [VCR/DEX4] vs. 12-week [VCR/DEX12]) during maintenance in the average-risk subset of NCI standard-B-ALL (SR AR B-ALL). We longitudinally measured CIPN, overall, and by treatment group. METHODS: AALL0932 SR AR B-ALL patients ≥3 years old were evaluated at T1-T4 (end-consolidation, maintenance month-1, maintenance month-18, 12-months post-therapy). Physical/occupational therapists (PT/OT) measured motor CIPN (hand/ankle strength, dorsiflexion/plantarflexion range of motion [ROM]), sensory CIPN (finger/toe vibration and touch), and function (dexterity [Purdue Pegboard], walking efficiency [Six Minute Walk]). Proxy-reported function (Pediatric Outcome Data Collection Instrument) and quality of life (Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory) were assessed. Age/sex matched Z-scores and proportion impaired were measured longitudinally and compared between groups. RESULTS: Consent and data were obtained from 150 participants (mean age 5.1 years [SD = 1.7], 48.7% female). Among participants with completed evaluations, 81.8% had CIPN at T1 (74.5% motor, 34.1% sensory). When examining severity of PT/OT outcomes, only handgrip strength (p<.001) and walking efficiency (p=.02) improved from T1-T4 and only dorsiflexion ROM (46.7% vs. 14.7%, p=.008) and handgrip strength (22.2% vs. 37.1%, p=.03) differed in VCR/DEX4 vs. VCR/DEX12 at T4. Proxy-reported outcomes improved from T1 to T4 (P<.001) and most did not differ between groups. CONCLUSIONS: CIPN is prevalent early in B-ALL therapy and persists at least 12-months post-therapy. Most outcomes did not differ between treatment groups despite reduction in vincristine frequency. Children with B-ALL should be monitored for CIPN, even with reduced vincristine frequency.
Rodwin, Rozalyn L.; Kairalla, John A.; Hibbitts, Emily; Devidas, Meenakshi; Whitley, Moira K.; Mohrmann, Caroline E.; Schore, Reuven J.; Raetz, Elizabeth; Winick, Naomi J.; Hunger, Stephen P.; Loh, Mignon L.; Hockenberry, Marilyn J.; Angiolillo, Anne L.; Ness, Kirsten K.; and Kadan-Lottick, Nina S., "Persistence of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy despite vincristine reduction in childhood b-acute lymphoblastic leukemia" (2022). GW Authored Works. Paper 962.