End-stage renal disease and metalworking fluid exposure
Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Cutting fluids; Kidney diseases
Objective Despite increasing prevalence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), little attention has been directed to how occupational exposures may contribute to risk. Our objective was to investigate the relationship between metalworking fluids (MWF) and ESRD in a cohort of 36 703 male autoworkers. Methods We accounted for competing risk of death, using the subdistribution hazard approach to estimate subhazard ratios (sHRs) and 95% CIs in models with cubic splines for cumulative exposure to MWF (straight, soluble or synthetic). Results Based on 501 ESRD cases and 13 434 deaths, we did not observe an association between MWF and ESRD overall. We observed modest associations between MWF and ESRD classification of glomerulonephritis and diabetic nephropathy. For glomerulonephritis, the 60th percentile of straight MWF was associated with an 18% increased subhazard (sHR=1.18, 95% CI: 0.99 to 1.41). For diabetic nephropathy, the subhazard increased 28% at the 60th percentile of soluble MWF (sHR=1.28, 95% CI: 1.00 to 1.64). Differences by race suggest that black males may have higher disease rates following MWF exposure. Conclusions Exposure to straight and soluble MWF may be related to ESRD classification, though this relationship should be further examined.
Shrestha, Deepika; Picciotto, Sally; Lavalley, Michael P.; Liu, Sa; Hammond, S. Katharine; Weiner, Daniel E.; Eisen, Ellen A.; and Applebaum, Katie M., "End-stage renal disease and metalworking fluid exposure" (2022). GW Authored Works. Paper 75.