Burnout in U.S. hematologists and oncologists: impact of compensation models and advanced practice provider support
Burnout is prevalent in throughout medicine. Few large-scale studies have examined the impact of physician compensation or clinical support staff on burnout among hematologists and oncologists. In 2019, the American Society of Hematology conducted a practice survey of hematologists and oncologists in the American Medical Association Masterfile; burnout was measured using a validated, single-item burnout instrument from the Physician Work Life Study, while satisfaction was assessed in several domains using a 5-point Likert scale. The overall survey response rate was 25.2% (N = 631). Of 411 respondents with complete responses in the final analysis, 36.7% (N = 151) were from academic practices and 63.3% (N = 260) from community practices; 29.0% (N = 119) were female. Over one-third (36.5%; N = 150) reported burnout, while 12.0% (N = 50) had a high level of burnout. In weighted multivariate logistic regression models incorporating numerous variables, compensation plans based entirely on relative value unit (RVU) generation were significantly associated with high burnout among academic and community physicians, while the combination of RVU + salary compensation showed no significant association. Female gender was associated with high burnout among academic physicians. High advanced practice provider utilization was inversely associated with high burnout among community physicians. Distinct patterns of career dissatisfaction were observed between academic and community physicians. We propose that implementation of compensation models not based entirely on clinical productivity, increased support for women in academic medicine, and expansion of advanced practice provider support in community practices may address burnout among hematologists and oncologists.
Lee, Alfred I.; Masselink, Leah E.; De Castro, Laura M.; Marshall, Ariela L.; Connell, Nathan T.; Dent, Georgette A.; Fritz, Josel; Homer, Morgan Rose; Lucas, Tiffany L.; Naik, Rakhi P.; Nelson, Marquita; O'Connell, Casey L.; Rajasekhar, Anita; Reynolds, Robby James; Sharma, Deva; Smith, Melody; Weeks, Lachelle D.; and Erikson, Clese E., "Burnout in U.S. hematologists and oncologists: impact of compensation models and advanced practice provider support" (2022). GW Authored Works. Paper 737.
Health Policy and Management