Title

Overview of the Pediatric Endoscopy Quality Improvement Network Quality Standards and Indicators for Pediatric Endoscopy: A Joint NASPGHAN/ESPGHAN Guideline

Authors

Catharine M. Walsh, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition and the Research and Learning Institutes, The Hospital for Sick Children, Department of Paediatrics and the Wilson Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Jenifer R. Lightdale, Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, UMass Memorial Children's Medical Center, Department of Pediatrics, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, United States.
David R. Mack, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, Department of Pediatrics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
Jorge Amil-Dias, Pediatric Gastroenterology, Department of Pediatrics, Centro Hospitalar Universitário S. João, Porto, Portugal.
Patrick Bontems, Division of Pediatrics, Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Queen Fabiola Children's University Hospital, ICBAS - Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium.
Herbert Brill, Division of Gastroenterology & Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, McMaster Children's Hospital, McMaster University, Department of Paediatrics, William Osler Health System, Department of Pediatrics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Nicholas M. Croft, Blizard Institute, Barts and the London School of Medicine, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom.
Douglas S. Fishman, Section of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Texas Children's Hospital, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, United States.
Raoul I. Furlano, Pediatric Gastroenterology & Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, University Children's Hospital Basel, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
Peter M. Gillett, Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition Department, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom.
Iva Hojsak, Referral Center for Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Children's Hospital Zagreb, University of Zagreb Medical School, Zagreb, University J.J. Strossmayer Medical School, Osijek, Croatia.
Matjaž Homan, Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, University Children's Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
Hien Q. Huynh, Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, Stollery Children's Hospital, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
Kevan Jacobson, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, British Columbia's Children's Hospital and British Columbia Children's Hospital Research Institute, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Ian H. Leibowitz, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Children's National Medical Center, Department of Pediatrics, George Washington University, Washington, DC, United States.
Diana G. Lerner, Division of Pediatrics, Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Children's of Wisconsin, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, United States.
Quin Y. Liu, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Medicine and Pediatrics, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, United States.
Petar Mamula, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States.
Priya Narula, Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Sheffield Children's NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, United Kingdom.
Salvatore Oliva, Pediatric Gastroenterology and Liver Unit, Maternal and Child Health Department, Umberto I - University Hospital, Sapienza - University of Rome, Rome, Italy.
Matthew R. Riley, Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Providence St. Vincent's Medical Center, Portland, OR, United States.
Joel R. Rosh, Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Department of Pediatrics, Goryeb Children's Hospital, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Morristown, NJ, United States.
Marta Tavares, Division of Pediatrics, Pediatric Gastroenterology Department, Centro Materno Infantil do Norte, Centro Hospitalar Universitário do Porto, ICBAS - Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas Abel Salazar, Porto, Portugal.
Elizabeth C. Utterson, Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine/St. Louis Children's Hospital, St. Louis, MO, United States.
Lusine Ambartsumyan, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Seattle Children's Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States.
Anthony R. Otley, Gastroenterology & Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, IWK Health, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Robert E. Kramer, Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Colorado, University of Colorado, Aurora, CO, United States.
Veronik Connan, Child Health Evaluative Sciences, SickKids Research Institute, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Graham A. McCreath, Child Health Evaluative Sciences, SickKids Research Institute, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Mike A. Thomson, Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Sheffield Children's NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, United Kingdom.

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

3-1-2022

Journal

Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition

Volume

74

Issue

S1 Suppl 1

DOI

10.1097/MPG.0000000000003262

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Pediatric-specific quality standards for endoscopy are needed to define best practices, while measurement of associated indicators is critical to guide quality improvement. The international Pediatric Endoscopy Quality Improvement Network (PEnQuIN) working group was assembled to develop and define quality standards and indicators for pediatric gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures through a rigorous guideline consensus process. METHODS: The Appraisal of Guidelines for REsearch and Evaluation (AGREE) II instrument guided PEnQuIN members, recruited from 31 centers of various practice types representing 11 countries, in generating and refining proposed quality standards and indicators. Consensus was sought via an iterative online Delphi process, and finalized at an in-person conference. Quality of evidence and strength of recommendations were rated according to the GRADE (Grading of Recommendation Assessment, Development, and Evaluation) approach. RESULTS: Forty-nine quality standards and 47 indicators reached consensus, encompassing pediatric endoscopy facilities, procedures, endoscopists, and the patient experience. The evidence base for PEnQuIN standards and indicators was largely adult-based and observational, and downgraded for indirectness, imprecision, and study limitations to "very low" quality, resulting in "conditional" recommendations for most standards (45/49). CONCLUSIONS: The PEnQuIN guideline development process establishes international agreement on clinically meaningful metrics that can be used to promote safety and quality in endoscopic care for children. Through PEnQuIN, pediatric endoscopists and endoscopy services now have a framework for auditing, providing feedback, and ultimately, benchmarking performance. Expansion of evidence and prospective validation of PEnQuIN standards and indicators as predictors of clinically relevant outcomes and high-quality pediatric endoscopic care is now a research priority.

Department

Pediatrics

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