Title

Seizure Severity and Treatment Response in Newborn Infants with Seizures Attributed to Intracranial Hemorrhage

Authors

Emily M. Herzberg, Department of Neurology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA; Division of Newborn Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA.
Michelle Machie, Departments of Neurology and Pediatrics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX.
Hannah C. Glass, Department of Neurology and Weill Institute for Neuroscience, University of California, San Francisco, CA; Department of Pediatrics, Benioff Children's Hospital, University of California, San Francisco, CA; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, CA.
Renée A. Shellhaas, Department of Pediatrics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.
Courtney J. Wusthoff, Departments of Neurology & Pediatrics, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA.
Taeun Chang, Department of Neurology, Children's National Hospital, George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, DC.
Nicholas S. Abend, Departments of Neurology and Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.
Catherine J. Chu, Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA.
M Roberta Cilio, Division of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, Saint-Luc University Hospital, Université Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium.
Sonia L. Bonifacio, Division of Neonatal and Developmental Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA.
Shavonne L. Massey, Departments of Neurology and Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.
Charles E. McCulloch, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, CA.
Janet S. Soul, Department of Neurology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA. Electronic address: janet.soul@childrens.harvard.edu.

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

3-1-2022

Journal

The Journal of pediatrics

Volume

242

DOI

10.1016/j.jpeds.2021.11.012

Keywords

EEG; electroencephalogram; hypoxic–ischemic encephalopathy; intracerebral hemorrhage; intracranial hemorrhage; neonatal encephalopathy; neonatal seizures; neonate; neurocritical care

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: We sought to characterize intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) as a seizure etiology in infants born term and preterm. For infants born term, we sought to compare seizure severity and treatment response for multisite vs single-site ICH and hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) with vs without ICH. STUDY DESIGN: We studied 112 newborn infants with seizures attributed to ICH and 201 infants born at term with seizures attributed to HIE, using a cohort of consecutive infants with clinically diagnosed and/or electrographic seizures prospectively enrolled in the multicenter Neonatal Seizure Registry. We compared seizure severity and treatment response among infants with complicated ICH, defined as multisite vs single-site ICH and HIE with vs without ICH. RESULTS: ICH was a more common seizure etiology in infants born preterm vs term (27% vs 10%, P < .001). Most infants had subclinical seizures (74%) and an incomplete response to initial antiseizure medication (ASM) (68%). In infants born term, multisite ICH was associated with more subclinical seizures than single-site ICH (93% vs 66%, P = .05) and an incomplete response to the initial ASM (100% vs 66%, P = .02). Status epilepticus was more common in HIE with ICH vs HIE alone (38% vs 17%, P = .05). CONCLUSIONS: Seizure severity was greater and treatment response was lower among infants born term with complicated ICH. These data support the use of continuous video electroencephalogram monitoring to accurately detect seizures and a multistep treatment plan that considers early use of multiple ASMs, particularly with parenchymal and high-grade intraventricular hemorrhage and complicated ICH.

Department

Neurology

Share

COinS