Title

Restless Legs Symptoms and Periodic Leg Movements in Sleep Among Patients with Parkinson's Disease

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

3-15-2022

Journal

Journal of Parkinson's disease

DOI

10.3233/JPD-213100

Keywords

Parkinson’s disease; Restless legs; periodic leg movements in sleep

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The association between restless legs syndrome (RLS) and Parkinson's disease (PD) remains controversial, with epidemiologic and descriptive evidence suggesting some potential overlap while mechanistic/genetic studies suggesting relative independence of the conditions. OBJECTIVE: To examine a known, objectively measured endophenotype for RLS, periodic leg movements (PLMS) in sleep, in patients with PD and relate that objective finding to restless legs symptoms. METHODS: We performed polysomnography for one (n = 8) or two (n = 67) consecutive nights in 75 PD patients and examined the association of PLMS with restless legs symptoms. RESULTS: We found no association between restless legs symptoms and PLMS in PD. Prevalence of both was similar to data reported previously in other PD samples. CONCLUSION: We interpret these results as suggesting that restless legs symptoms in PD patients may represent a different phenomenon and pathophysiology than RLS in the non-PD population.

Department

Neurology

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