Predictors of Neurological Outcome Following Infant Cardiac Surgery Without Deep Hypothermic Circulatory Arrest
Congenital heart disease (CHD); Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); Neurodevelopmental; Outcome; Stroke
The aim of this study is to describe the clinical characteristics, perioperative course and neuroimaging abnormalities of infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) undergoing heart surgery without deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) and identify variables associated with neurological outcome. Infants with CHD undergoing open-heart surgery without DHCA between 2009 and 2017 were identified from a cardiac surgery database. Full-term infants < 10 weeks of age at the time of surgery who had both a pre- and postoperative brain magnetic resonance imaging exam (MRI) were included. Clinical characteristics and perioperative variables were collected from the electronic medical record. Brain Injury Scores (BIS) were assigned to pre- and postoperative brain MRIs. Variables were examined for association with neurological outcome at 12 months of age or greater. Forty-two infants were enrolled in the study, of whom 69% (n = 29) had a neurological assessment ≥ to 12 months of age. Adverse neurological outcome was associated with longer intensive care unit (ICU) stay (P = 0.003), lengthier mechanical ventilation (P = 0.031), modified Blalock-Taussig (MBT) shunt procedure (P = 0.005) and postoperative seizures (P = 0.005). Total BIS scores did not predict outcome but postoperative infarction and/or intraparenchymal hemorrhage (IPH) was associated with worse outcome by multivariable analysis (P = 0.018). Infants with CHD undergoing open-heart surgery without DHCA are at increased risk of worse neurological outcome when their ICU stay is prolonged, mechanical ventilation is extended, MBT shunt is performed or when postoperative seizures are present. Cerebral infarctions and IPH on postoperative MRI are also associated with worse outcome.
Kosiorek, Agnieszka; Donofrio, Mary T.; Zurakowski, David; Reitz, Justus G.; Tague, Lauren; Murnick, Jonathan; Axt-Fliedner, Roland; Limperopoulos, Catherine; Yerebakan, Can; and Carpenter, Jessica L., "Predictors of Neurological Outcome Following Infant Cardiac Surgery Without Deep Hypothermic Circulatory Arrest" (2022). GW Authored Works. Paper 477.