Trend of using cementless total knee arthroplasty: a nationwide analysis from 2015 to 2021

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



Arthroplasty (London, England)








Cementless fixation; Total knee arthroplasty; Trends; Utilization


BACKGROUND: Modern cementless total knee arthroplasty (TKA) fixation has shown comparable long-term outcomes to cemented TKA, but the trend of using cementless TKA remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the trend of using cementless TKA based on a national database. METHODS: The patients undergoing cementless TKA between 2015 and 2021 were retrospectively extracted from the PearlDiver (Mariner dataset) Database. The annual percentage of cementless TKA was calculated using the following formula: annual number of cementless TKA/annual number of TKA. The trend of the number of patients undergoing cementless TKA was created according to a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) calculation of annual percentages. Patient age, comorbidity, region, insurance type, etc., were also investigated. Differences were considered statistically significant at P < 0.05. RESULTS: Of the 574,848 patients who received TKA, 546,731 (95%) underwent cemented fixation and 28,117 (5%) underwent cementless fixation. From 2015 to 2021, the use of cementless TKA significantly increased by 242% from 3 to 9% (compounded annual growth rate (CAGR): + 20%; P < 0.05). From 2015 to 2021, we observed a CAGR greater than 15% for all age groups (< 50, 50-59, 60-69, 70-74, 75 +), insurance types (cash, commercial, government, Medicare, Medicaid), regions (Midwest, Northeast, South, West), sex (male and female), and certain comorbidities (osteoporosis, diabetes mellitus, tobacco use, underweight (BMI < 18.5), rheumatoid arthritis) (P < 0.05 for all). Patients undergoing TKA with chronic kidney disease, prior fragility fractures, and dementia demonstrated a CAGR of + 9%-13% from 2015 to 2021 (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: From 2015 to 2021, the use of cementless TKA saw a dramatic increase in all patient populations. However, there is still no consensus on when to cement and in whom. Clinical practice guidelines are needed to ensure safe and effective use of cementless fixation.


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