Short-Term Outcomes After Hysterectomy for Endometrial Cancer/EIN With Concomitant Pelvic Floor Disorder Surgery

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



Urogynecology (Philadelphia, Pa.)








IMPORTANCE: Endometrial cancer and precancer are common gynecologic problems for many women. A majority of these patients require surgery as the mainstay of treatment. Many of these patients often have concurrent pelvic floor disorders. Despite the prevalence and shared risk, fewer than 3% of women undergo concomitant surgery for PFDs at the time of surgery for endometrial cancer or endometrial intraepithelial neoplasia/hyperplasia. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate postoperative morbidity of concomitant pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and/or urinary incontinence (UI) procedures at the time of hysterectomy for endometrial cancer (EC) or endometrial intraepithelial neoplasia/endometrial hyperplasia (EIN/EH). METHODS: This retrospective analysis of women undergoing hysterectomy for EC or EIN/EH between 2017 and 2022 used the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database. The primary outcome was any major complication within 30 days of surgery. Comparisons were made between 2 cohorts: hysterectomy with concomitant pelvic organ prolapse/urinary incontinence procedures (POPUI) versus hysterectomy without concomitant POP or UI procedures (HYSTAlone). A subgroup analysis was performed in patients with EC. A propensity score matching cohort was also created. RESULTS: A total of 23,144 patients underwent hysterectomy for EC or EIN/EH: 1.9% (n = 432) had POP and/or UI procedures. Patients with POPUI were older, were predominantly White, had higher parity, and had lower body mass index with lower American Society of Anesthesiologists class. Patients with POPUI were less likely to have EC (65.7% vs 78.3%, P < 0.0001) and more likely to have their hysterectomy performed by a general obstetrician- gynecologists or urogynecologists. Major complications were low and not significantly different between POPUI and HYSTAlone (3.7% vs 3.6%, P = 0.094). A subgroup analysis of EC alone found that the HYSTAlone subset did not have more advanced cancers, yet the surgeon was more likely a gynecologic oncologist (87.1% vs 68.0%, P < 0.0001). There were no statistically significant differences between the 2 cohorts for the primary and secondary outcomes using propensity score matching analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Concomitant prolapse and/or incontinence procedures were uncommon and did not increase the rate of 30-day major complications for women undergoing hysterectomy for EC/EH.


Obstetrics and Gynecology