A reappraisal of the deep uterine vein: a multimodal exploration with implications for pelvic surgery

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



Surgical and radiologic anatomy : SRA








Deep uterine vein; Nerve sparing; Pelvic surgery


PURPOSE: Pelvic gynecological surgeries, whether for malignant or benign conditions, frequently result in functional complications due to injuries to the autonomic nervous system. Recognizing the deep uterine vein (DUV) as an essential anatomical reference can aid in preserving these structures. Despite its significance, the DUV is infrequently studied and lacks comprehensive documentation in Terminologia Anatomica. This research endeavors to elucidate a detailed characterization of the DUV. METHODS: We undertook a systematic literature review aligning with the "PRISMA" guidelines, sourcing from PUBMED and EMBASE. Our comprehensive anatomical examination encompassed cadaveric dissections and radio-anatomical evaluations utilizing the Anatomage Table. RESULTS: The literary exploration revealed a consensus on the DUV's description based on both anatomical and surgical observations. It arises from the merger of cervical, vesical, and vaginal veins, coursing through the paracervix in a descending and rearward direction before culminating in the internal iliac vein. The hands-on anatomical study further delineated the DUV's associations throughout its course, highlighting its role in bifurcating the uterus's lateral aspect into two distinct zones: a superior vascular zone housing the uterine artery and ureter and an inferior nervous segment below the DUV representing the autonomic nerve pathway. CONCLUSION: A profound understanding of the subperitoneal space anatomy is paramount for pelvic surgeons to mitigate postoperative complications. The DUV's intricate neurovascular interplays underscore its significance as an indispensable surgical guide for safeguarding nerves and the ureter.


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