Efficacy and safety of apremilast in patients with mild-to-moderate plaque psoriasis: Results of a phase 3, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
apremilast; clinical trial; mild-to-moderate psoriasis; pruritus; quality-of-life; scalp
BACKGROUND: Patients with mild-to-moderate psoriasis may have substantial quality-of-life impairment. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate apremilast 30 mg twice daily for mild-to-moderate psoriasis. METHODS: Phase 3, double-blind, placebo-controlled study in adults with mild-to-moderate psoriasis inadequately controlled or intolerant to ≥ 1 topical psoriasis therapy (NCT03721172). The primary endpoint was the achievement of static Physician Global Assessment score of 0 (clear) or 1 (almost clear) and ≥ 2-point reduction at week 16. RESULTS: Five hundred ninety-five patients were randomized (apremilast: 297; placebo: 298). The primary endpoint was met, with a significantly greater static Physician Global Assessment response rate observed at week 16 in the apremilast group compared with the placebo group (21.6% vs 4.1%; P < .0001). All secondary endpoints were met with the achievement of body surface area-75 (33.0% vs 7.4%), body surface area ≤ 3% (61.0% vs 22.9%), ≥ 4-point reduction in Whole Body Itch Numeric Rating Scale (43.2% vs 18.6%), Scalp Physician Global Assessment 0 or 1 and ≥ 2-point reduction (44.0% vs 16.6 %), and changes from baseline in body surface area, Psoriasis Area and Severity Index, and Dermatology Life Quality Index (all P < .0001). The most commonly reported adverse events (≥ 5%) with apremilast were diarrhea, headache, nausea, nasopharyngitis, and upper respiratory tract infection, consistent with prior studies. LIMITATIONS: The study lacked an active-comparator arm. CONCLUSION: Apremilast demonstrated efficacy in mild-to-moderate psoriasis and safety consistent with the established safety profile of apremilast.
Stein Gold, Linda; Papp, Kim; Pariser, David; Green, Lawrence; Bhatia, Neal; Sofen, Howard; Albrecht, Lorne; Gooderham, Melinda; Chen, Mindy; Paris, Maria; Wang, Yao; and Callis Duffin, Kristina, "Efficacy and safety of apremilast in patients with mild-to-moderate plaque psoriasis: Results of a phase 3, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial" (2022). GW Authored Works. Paper 457.