Four distinct ipsilateral vestibular schwannomas: A case of mosaic NF2-related schwannomatosis

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



American journal of clinical pathology




acoustic neuroma; mosaicism; neurofibromatosis 2; schwannomatosis; vestibular schwannoma


OBJECTIVES: Distinguishing between sporadic and germline/mosaic NF2-related schwannomatosis is important to ensure that patients have appropriate long-term care. With this report, we describe a unique case of a patient with 4 ipsilateral schwannomas and identify a combination of sequencing modalities that can accurately diagnose mosaic NF2-related schwannomatosis. METHODS: We present a 32-year-old woman with a familial history of vestibular schwannoma in her father and right-sided schwannomas involving the apical and basal turns of cochlea, lateral semicircular canal, and internal auditory canal (IAC). Genetic analysis of blood and frozen tissue from 2 tumors (intralabyrinthine and IAC tumors) was performed using next-generation sequencing (NGS), multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA), and optical genome mapping (OGM). RESULTS: Germline testing for NF2, LZTR1, and SMARCB1 was negative. Tumor genetic testing revealed a shared NF2 pathogenic variant between the 2 tumors ("first hit") but distinct "second hit" NF2 variants, including mosaic loss of chromosome 22 in the IAC tumor seen only with OGM, consistent with mosaic NF2-related schwannomatosis. CONCLUSIONS: Multimodality sequencing, including NGS, MLPA, and OGM, was required to ensure appropriate diagnosis of mosaic NF2-related schwannomatosis in this patient. A similar approach can be used for other patients with multiple ipsilateral tumors and suspected tumor predisposition.