Effectiveness of PrEPTECH: Findings From a 180-Day Randomized Controlled Trial of a Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Telehealth Intervention

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)








BACKGROUND: Telehealth approaches are increasingly being used to provide access to pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), an effective but underused HIV prevention modality. This randomized controlled trial of PrEPTECH, a telehealth intervention for the provision of HIV PrEP, seeks to assess its effects on PrEP access. METHODS: Young men who have sex with men and transgender women in Florida and California with an indication for PrEP were randomly assigned in a 1:1 allocation to receive access to PrEPTECH or a control condition, access to an online listing of PrEP resources in their communities. This intent-to-treat analysis used logistic and linear regression to compare self-reported PrEP initiation, use, and coverage between control and intervention arm participants at 90 days and 180 days of follow-up. RESULTS: A total of 229 participants with a mean age of 23.7 years, 77.3% people of color enrolled in PrEPTECH. At 90 days, postbaseline initiation of PrEP was significantly higher among those in the PrEPTECH arm than among controls (odds ratio [OR]: 6.63, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.54 to 17.35), and this held true by 180 days post baseline. The count of sex acts for which participants were not protected by PrEP, PrEP adherence, and recent PrEP use at 180 days post baseline were not significantly different between the study arms. CONCLUSIONS: Receiving access to a telehealth platform for PrEP access increased PrEP initiation in this cohort of young, predominantly non-White sexual and gender minorities. PrEP telehealth may be a worthy avenue for providing access to PrEP for these populations, but additional strategies may be needed to promote adherence and persistence of PrEP use.


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