Proposal for standardized ultrasound analysis of the salivary glands: Part 1 submandibular gland


Henry T. Hoffman, University of Iowa Iowa City Iowa USA.
Michael Koch, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg Erlangen Germany.
Robert Lee Witt, Christiana Care/Thomas Jefferson University Philadelphia Pennsylvania USA.
William R. Ryan, University of California San Francisco San Francisco California USA.
Johannes Zenk, University Hospital Augsburg Augsburg Germany.
Philippe Katz, Institut d'Explorations Fonctionnelles des Glandes Salivaires Paris France.
Rahmatullah Rahmati, Harvard Medical School Boston Massachusetts USA.
Christopher Rassekh, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine Philadelphia Pennsylvania USA.
Francisco Donato, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics Iowa City Iowa USA.
Timothy M. McCulloch, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health Madison Wisconsin USA.
Arjun S. Joshi, The George Washington University Washington District of Columbia USA.
Jolie Lien Chang, University of California San Francisco California USA.
M Boyd Gillespie, University of Tennessee Health Science Center College of Medicine Memphis Tennessee USA.
Priscilla F. Pichardo, Geisinger Health System Danville Pennsylvania USA.
Lisa Ann Orloff, Stanford University Stanford California USA.
Antoino Marcelino, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics Iowa City Iowa USA.
Piper Wenzel, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics Iowa City Iowa USA.
David Cohen, Kaiser Permanente Los Angeles Medical Center Los Angeles California USA.
Christopher E. Fundakowski, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital Philadelphia Pennsylvania USA.
David M. Cognetti, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital Philadelphia Pennsylvania USA.
Rohan R. Walvekar, Louisiana State University HSC New Orleans Louisiana USA.
Antonio Bertelli, Faculdade de Ciencias Medicas da Santa Casa de Sao Paulo Brazil Sao Paulo Brazil.
Harry Quon, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions Campus Baltimore Maryland USA.
Carryn Anderson, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics Iowa City Iowa USA.
Bruno Policeni, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics Iowa City Iowa USA.
Gordy Siegel, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine Chicago Illinois USA.

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



Laryngoscope investigative otolaryngology








anatomic subsites; color doppler; salivary glands; shear wave elastography; submandibular; ultrasound


OBJECTIVES: The Salivary Gland Committee of the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery seeks to standardize terminology and technique for ultrasonograpy used in the evaluation and treatment of salivary gland disorders. METHODS: Development of expert opinion obtained through interaction with international practitioners representing multiple specialties. This committee work includes a comprehensive literature review with presentation of case examples to propose a standardized protocol for the language used in ultrasound salivary gland assessment. RESULTS: A multiple segment proposal is initiated with this focus on the submandibular gland. We provide a concise rationale for recommended descriptive language highlighted by a more extensive supplement that includes an extensive literature review with additional case examples. CONCLUSION: Recommendations are provided to improve consistency both in performing and reporting submandibular gland ultrasound.