Pediatric Anesthesia Management for Post-Tonsillectomy Bleed: Current Status and Future Directions
International journal of general medicine
anesthetic management; pediatric; post-tonsillectomy hemorrhage; postoperative emergencies
After medical stabilization, several techniques are considered for anesthesia in the surgical intervention of post-tonsillectomy bleeding in children. Hypoxia during induction of general anesthesia occurs more frequently than aspiration for this population. While classical (apneic) rapid sequence induction and intubation with cricoid pressure still has a role, controlled rapid sequence induction and intubation that incorporates mask ventilation at low pressure (<12 cm HO) before direct laryngoscopy under a deep plane of anesthesia is a viable alternative for cases of slow venous bleeding. Supplemental oxygen delivery during laryngoscopy to permit apneic oxygenation is a future trend in management. While the routine administration of tranexamic acid during tonsillectomy has not been shown to be of benefit, it may have a role in post-tonsillectomy hemorrhage with further study.
Lee, Angela C. and Haché, Manon, "Pediatric Anesthesia Management for Post-Tonsillectomy Bleed: Current Status and Future Directions" (2022). GW Authored Works. Paper 407.
Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine