Application of Technology in Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, a Narrative Review
Journal of clinical medicine
cardiac arrest; cardiopulmonary resuscitation; technology
Novel medical technologies are designed to aid in cardiopulmonary resuscitation both in and out of the hospital. Out-of-hospital innovations utilize the skills of paramedics, bystanders, and other prehospital personnel, while in-hospital innovations traditionally aid in physician intervention. Our review of current literature aims to describe the benefits and limitations of six main technologic advancements with wide adoption for their practicality and functionality. The six key technologies include: extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), real-time feedback devices, smart devices, video review, point-of-care ultrasound, and unmanned aerial vehicle (drone) automated external defibrillator (AED) delivery. The benefits and limitations of each technology were independently reviewed and expounded upon. Newer technologies like drone AED delivery, paramedic ultrasound use, and smart devices have been demonstrated to be safe and feasible, however, further studies are needed to compellingly demonstrate improved patient outcomes. In-hospital use of ECMO and ultrasound is well established by current literature to aid in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and improve patient outcomes.
Levitt, Catherine V.; Boone, Kirsten; Tran, Quincy K.; and Pourmand, Ali, "Application of Technology in Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, a Narrative Review" (2023). GW Authored Works. Paper 3741.