Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors and cardiorenal outcomes in kidney transplantation
Current opinion in nephrology and hypertension
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to explore the current evidence regarding cardiovascular and kidney outcomes in patients who undergo treatment with sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) post kidney transplantation. RECENT FINDINGS: Summary findings from individual studies included in this review showed largely favorable results in the kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) being treated with SGLT2i.These outcomes included parameters such as allograft function, glycemic control, proteinuria, blood pressure, weight loss and safety profile, among others. Almost all the studies reported an initial 'dip' in eGFR, followed by recovery, after the initiation of SGLT2i treatment. None of the studies reported significant interaction of SGLT2i with immunosuppressive medications. The most common adverse effects noted in these studies were infection-related including UTI and genital mycosis. None of the studies reported acute graft rejection attributable to SGLT2i therapy. SUMMARY: SGLT2i can play a significant role in improving health outcomes in KTRs. However, clinical trials with larger representation of KTRs longer follow-up period are needed to draw more substantial conclusions.
Mahalwar, Gauranga; Mathew, Roy O.; and Rangaswami, Janani, "Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors and cardiorenal outcomes in kidney transplantation" (2024). GW Authored Works. Paper 3714.