E-cigarette use behaviors of Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander youth in the contiguous United States: Insights from the Monitoring the Future Study (2018-2019)

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



Preventive medicine reports






Asian Americans; Electronic cigarette use; Native Hawaiians; Pacific Islanders; Race/Ethnicity; Youth and young adults


This study examines e-cigarette use behaviors of Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander (AANHPI) youth, in relation to other racial/ethnic groups in the United States. Data were obtained from the 2018 and 2019 Monitoring the Future surveys, which include a random, probability-based sample of youth in 8th, 10th, and 12th grades surveyed annually across the contiguous United States. Respondents provided information on race/ethnicity and e-cigarette use (n = 42,980). Measures of e-cigarette use included current (1 + of past 30 days) and regular use (10 + of past 30 days). Chi-square tests were used to determine differences in e-cigarette use by race/ethnicity. Associations between race/ethnicity, other sociodemographic factors, and e-cigarette use were explored using logistic regression analyses. Approximately 5.1% (n = 2,410) of the sample identified as AANHPI. A greater proportion of Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islanders reported current e-cigarette use (NHPI, 28.0%), relative to Asian American (AA, 10.3%), Black (9.5%), Hispanic or Latino (15.0%), American Indian or Alaskan Native (AIAN, 16.5%), multiracial (22.3%), and non-Hispanic White (25.2%) youth. Regular e-cigarette use was highest among non-Hispanic White (12.3%), followed by multiracial (10.7%), AIAN (7.8%), Hispanic or Latino (5.0%), AA (4.3%), and Black (3.0%) youth. Associations between race/ethnicity and e-cigarette use remained significant, after controlling for other sociodemographic factors. Continued monitoring of e-cigarette use is needed among AANHPI, a historically underrepresented population in tobacco research. Special attention should be paid to NHPI, who reported the highest rates of e-cigarette use.


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