Differences in the Patterns of Care Between Emergency Department Visits with and Without a Physician
The Journal of emergency medicine
Health services administration; Health services research; Health workforce; Hospital emergency services; Interdisciplinary health team; Patient care team
BACKGROUND: A variety of clinicians practice in emergency departments (EDs). Although most ED patients prefer seeing physicians, a subset sees no physician. OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the factors that predict when an ED patient is seen by at least one physician and compared the practice patterns of patient visits seen by at least one physician compared with those seen by no physician. METHODS: We used 11 years of cross-sectional data from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey and focused on the sample of ED patient visits seen by at least one physician and those seen by no physician. We used bivariate statistics to compare characteristics between samples and used multivariate logistic regression analysis to identify the factors that predicted being seen by a physician. Finally, we compared the practice patterns of patient visits seen by at least one physician compared with those seen by no physician. RESULTS: Approximately 10% of the sample was not seen by any physician. Patients seen by at least one physician had, on average, 0.8 more diagnostic services ordered/provided and 0.1 more procedures provided compared with patients who were not seen by any physician. Patients seen by at least one physician had longer visits by 29.4 min, on average, and had increased odds of being hospitalized (adjusted odds ratio 3.9, 95% confidence interval 2.9-5.2). CONCLUSIONS: A variety of patient and hospital characteristics influenced whether ED patients were seen by physicians. Diagnostic services, procedures, visit length, and hospital admission differed by physician presence. Findings have implications for ED practice and future research.
Kurtzman, Ellen T.; Barnow, Burt S.; and Korer, Burton, "Differences in the Patterns of Care Between Emergency Department Visits with and Without a Physician" (2023). GW Authored Works. Paper 3691.
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