The association between brachial-ankle pulse-wave velocity and adverse cardiovascular events in 5719 community participants a prospective cohort study
Journal of hypertension
BACKGROUND: The brachial-ankle pulse-wave velocity (baPWV) is regarded as the gold standard in the evaluation of arterial stiffness. Its prognostic significance for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) has been demonstrated. However, the factors influencing the association between baPWV and MACE risk have not been determined. In this study, we investigated the association of baPWV and MACE risk and whether it is affected by the risk factors for different cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study that initially enrolled 6850 participants from 12 communities in Beijing. The participants were divided into three subgroups according to their baPWV values. The primary outcome was the first occurrence of MACE, defined as hospitalization from cardiovascular diseases, first occurrence of a nonfatal myocardial infarction, or nonfatal stroke. Cox proportional hazards regression and restricted cubic spline analyses were used to examine the association between baPWV and MACE. The effect of CVD risk factors on the relationship between baPWV and MACE was explored in subgroup analyses. RESULTS: The final study population consisted of 5719 participants. During a median follow-up of 34.73 months, MACE occurred in 169 participants. The restricted cubic spline analysis indicated a positive linear relationship between baPWV and MACE risk. After adjustment for cardiovascular risk factors, the hazard ratio (HR) for MACE risk per SD increase in baPWV was 1.272 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.149-1.407, P < 0.001], and the HR for MACE in the high-baPWV vs. the low-baPWV group was 1.965 (95% CI: 1.296-2.979, P = 0.001). Adding baPWV to the conventional cardiovascular risk factors significantly improved the model's prediction performance and the net reclassification (NRI) [NRI: 0.379 (95% CI: 0.072-0.710), P = 0.025] in MACE discrimination. However, in the subgroup analysis, two CVD risk factors, stable coronary heart disease and hypertension, showed significant interaction effects ( Pinteraction both < 0.05). This result indicated that the effect of CVD risk factors must be taken into account when assessing the relationship between baPWV and MACE. CONCLUSION: baPWV is a potential marker to improve the identification of MACE risk in the general population. A positive linear correlation was firstly determined between baPWV and MACE risk, but it may not be valid in participants with stable coronary heart disease and hypertension.
Wang, Yuhan; Liu, Hongzhou; Wang, Jincheng; Hu, Xiaodong; Wang, Anping; Chen, Kang; Wang, Anning; Zang, Li; Cheng, Yu; Gu, Weijun; Dou, Jingtao; Mu, Yiming; Du, Jin; and Lyu, Zhaohui, "The association between brachial-ankle pulse-wave velocity and adverse cardiovascular events in 5719 community participants a prospective cohort study" (2023). GW Authored Works. Paper 3491.
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