Implementation of an Educational Intervention to Improve HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Services for Women in an Urban Sexual Health Clinic

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



AIDS patient care and STDs








HIV infections/prevention and control; PrEP; PrEP cascade; RE-AIM; anti-HIV agents; females; health services accessibility; implementation science; pre-exposure prophylaxis


To test the hypothesis that implementation of a multicomponent, educational HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) intervention to promote universal PrEP services for cisgender women (subsequently "women") in sexual and reproductive health centers would improve the proportion of women screened, offered, and prescribed PrEP, we implemented a multicomponent, educational intervention in a Washington D.C. Department of Health-sponsored sexual health clinic. The clinic serves a patient population with high-potential exposure to HIV. The intervention included clinic-wide PrEP trainings, an electronic health record prompt for PrEP counseling by providers, and educational videos in the waiting room. We collected preimplementation data from March 22, 2018 to July 4, 2018, including 331 clinical encounters for 329 women. Between July 5, 2018 and July 1, 2019, there were 1733 clinical encounters for 1720 HIV-negative women. We used mixed methods to systematically assess intervention implementation using the Reach Effectiveness Adoption Implementation Maintenance framework. Additionally, we assessed the interventions' acceptability and feasibility among providers through semistructured interviews. The proportion of women screened by providers for PrEP (5.6% preimplementation to a mean of 89.2% of women during the implementation period,  < 0.01), offered (6.2 to 69.8%,  < 0.01), and prescribed PrEP (2.6 to 8.1%,  < 0.01) by providers increased significantly in the implementation period. Providers and clinic staff found the intervention both highly feasible and acceptable and demonstrated increased knowledge of PrEP and HIV prevention associated with the clinic-wide trainings. Our results demonstrate the effectiveness of a low-cost educational intervention to increase provision of integrated PrEP services in an urban sexual health clinic serving women with high-potential exposure to HIV. ID NCT03705663.


Prevention and Community Health