Decannulation in Revision Pediatric Laryngotracheal Reconstruction
airway; laryngotracheal stenosis; pediatric
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate how patient characteristics and surgical techniques influence the rate of and time to decannulation after pediatric revision laryngotracheal reconstruction. METHODS: The study was a retrospective cohort investigation of children with a history of laryngotracheal stenosis treated between 2008 and 2021 with revision open airway surgery. The primary outcome evaluated was decannulation. The secondary outcome analyzed was time to decannulation. RESULTS: Thirty-nine children were included in the study with median age 49 months; 61.5% were male. Children undergoing single stage revision surgery were far more likely to be decannulated (OR 6.25, 95% CI 1.33-45.97, p = 0.0343). Rolling logistic regression of the probability of decannulation stratified by time between open surgeries demonstrated significantly decreased chance of decannulation with reoperation within 6 months. Children managed with anterior/posterior grafting compared with a single graft were observed to have an increased time to decannulation, (HR 0.365, 95% CI 0.148-0.899, p = 0.005, Log-Rank). CONCLUSION: We observe that in the case of revision pediatric open airway surgery, chance of decannulation is improved when surgery is performed in a single stage as well as 6 months after the most recent procedure. Patients and families should be counseled that complex stenosis requiring double stage procedures or anterior/posterior grafting is associated with a decreased probability of decannulation and increased postoperative time with a tracheostomy, respectively. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4 Laryngoscope, 2023.
Leonard, James A.; Blumenthal, Daniel L.; Behzadpour, Hengameh K.; Lawlor, Claire M.; and Preciado, Diego, "Decannulation in Revision Pediatric Laryngotracheal Reconstruction" (2023). GW Authored Works. Paper 3460.