Epigenome-wide association analysis of infant bronchiolitis severity: a multicenter prospective cohort study
Bronchiolitis is the most common lower respiratory infection in infants, yet its pathobiology remains unclear. Here we present blood DNA methylation data from 625 infants hospitalized with bronchiolitis in a 17-center prospective study, and associate them with disease severity. We investigate differentially methylated CpGs (DMCs) for disease severity. We characterize the DMCs based on their association with cell and tissues types, biological pathways, and gene expression. Lastly, we also examine the relationships of severity-related DMCs with respiratory and immune traits in independent cohorts. We identify 33 DMCs associated with severity. These DMCs are differentially methylated in blood immune cells. These DMCs are also significantly enriched in multiple tissues (e.g., lung) and cells (e.g., small airway epithelial cells), and biological pathways (e.g., interleukin-1-mediated signaling). Additionally, these DMCs are associated with respiratory and immune traits (e.g., asthma, lung function, IgE levels). Our study suggests the role of DNA methylation in bronchiolitis severity.
Zhu, Zhaozhong; Li, Yijun; Freishtat, Robert J.; Celedón, Juan C.; Espinola, Janice A.; Harmon, Brennan; Hahn, Andrea; Camargo, Carlos A.; Liang, Liming; and Hasegawa, Kohei, "Epigenome-wide association analysis of infant bronchiolitis severity: a multicenter prospective cohort study" (2023). GW Authored Works. Paper 3436.