Effects of sotatercept on haemodynamics and right heart function: analysis of the STELLAR trial
The European respiratory journal
BACKGROUND: In the phase 3 STELLAR trial, sotatercept, an investigational first-in-class activin signalling inhibitor, demonstrated beneficial effects on 6-min walk distance and additional efficacy endpoints in pre-treated participants with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). METHODS: This analysis evaluated data from right heart catheterisation (RHC) and echocardiography (ECHO) obtained from the STELLAR trial. Changes from baseline in RHC and ECHO parameters were assessed at 24 weeks. An analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) model was used to estimate differences in least squares means with treatment and randomisation stratification (mono/double triple therapy; World Health Organization functional class II III) as fixed factors, and baseline value as covariate. RESULTS: Relative to placebo, treatment with sotatercept led to significant (all p<0.0001 except where noted) improvements from baseline in mean pulmonary artery (PA) pressure (-13.9 mmHg), pulmonary vascular resistance (-254.8 dyn·s·cm), mean right atrial pressure (-2.7 mmHg), mixed venous oxygen saturation (3.84%), PA elastance (-0.42 mmHg·mL·beat), PA compliance (0.58 mL·mmHg), cardiac efficiency (0.48 mL·beat·mmHg), right ventricular (RV) work (-0.85 g·m) and RV power (-32.70 mmHg·L·min). ECHO showed improvements in tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) to systolic pulmonary artery pressure ratio (0.12 mm·mmHg), end-systolic and end-diastolic RV areas (-4.39 cm and -5.31 cm, respectively), tricuspid regurgitation and RV fractional area change (2.04% p<0.050). No significant between-group changes from baseline were seen for TAPSE, heart rate, cardiac output, stroke volume or their indices. CONCLUSION: In pre-treated patients with PAH, sotatercept demonstrated substantial improvements in PA pressures, PA compliance, PA-RV coupling and right heart function.
Souza, Rogerio; Badesch, David B.; Ghofrani, H Ardeschir; Gibbs, J Simon; Gomberg-Maitland, Mardi; McLaughlin, Vallerie V.; Preston, Ioana R.; Waxman, Aaron B.; Grünig, Ekkehard; Kopeć, Grzegorz; Meyer, Gisela; Olsson, Karen M.; Rosenkranz, Stephan; Lin, Jianxin; Johnson-Levonas, Amy O.; de Oliveira Pena, Janethe; Humbert, Marc; and Hoeper, Marius M., "Effects of sotatercept on haemodynamics and right heart function: analysis of the STELLAR trial" (2023). GW Authored Works. Paper 3367.