Efficacy and Safety of Microencapsulated Benzoyl Peroxide Cream, 5%, in Rosacea: Results From Two Phase III, Randomized, Vehicle-Controlled Trials
The Journal of clinical and aesthetic dermatology
BPO; Benzoyl peroxide; microencapsulation; papulopustular; rosacea; topical
OBJECTIVE: A new formulation of benzoyl peroxide (E-BPO cream, 5%) entraps benzoyl peroxide (BPO) in silica microcapsules. This study assesses the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of E-BPO cream, 5%, in rosacea in two Phase III clinical trials. METHODS: In two 12-week, randomized, double-blind, vehicle cream-controlled Phase III trials, 733 subjects at least 18 years old with moderate to severe rosacea were randomized (2:1) to once-daily E-BPO cream, 5%, or vehicle. RESULTS: In Study 1, the proportion of subjects achieving IGA clear/almost clear at Week 12 was 43.5 percent for E-BPO cream, 5%, and 16.1 percent for vehicle. In Study 2, the respective values were 50.1 percent and 25.9 percent. In Study 1, the decrease in lesion count from baseline to Week 12 was -17.4 for E-BPO cream, 5%, versus -9.5 for vehicle. In Study 2, the respective values were -20.3 and -13.3 (all <0.001). The difference was also significant at Week 2. There were no treatment-related serious adverse events; 1.4 percent of subjects (1.8% E-BPO cream, 5%, 0.4% vehicle) discontinued due to adverse events. Assessed local tolerability was found to be similar among subjects in both E-BPO and vehicle. UNLABELLED: E-BPO was not compared with unencapsulated BPO. CONCLUSION: E-BPO is an effective and well tolerated treatment for rosacea. Clinicaltrials.gov Identifiers: NCT03564119, NCT03448939.
Bhatia, Neal D.; Werschler, Wm Philip; Baldwin, Hilary; Sugarman, Jeffrey; Green, Lawrence J.; Levy-Hacham, Ofra; Nov, Ori; Ram, Vered; and Stein Gold, Linda, "Efficacy and Safety of Microencapsulated Benzoyl Peroxide Cream, 5%, in Rosacea: Results From Two Phase III, Randomized, Vehicle-Controlled Trials" (2023). GW Authored Works. Paper 3293.