Content Validity of a High-Fidelity Surgical Middle Ear Simulator: A Randomized Prospective International Multicenter Trial
Otology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology
OBJECTIVE: After demonstration of face validity of a surgical middle ear simulator (SMS) previously, we assessed the content validity of the simulator with otolaryngology residents. STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter randomized prospective international study. SETTING: Four academic institutions. METHODS: Novice participants were randomized into control, low-fidelity (LF), and high-fidelity (HF) groups. Control and LF produced 2 recordings from 2 attempts, and HF produced 4 recordings from 10 attempts, with trials 1, 4, 7, and 10 used for scoring. Three blinded experts graded videos of the simulated stapedectomy operation using an objective skills assessment test format consisting of global and stapedotomy-specific scales. RESULTS: A total of 152 recordings from 61 participants were included. Baseline characteristics did not differ significantly between groups. Depending on the step of the operation, inter-rater reliability ranged from 24 to 90%. For LF and HF, years of training was significantly associated with improved scores in certain objective skills assessment test subparts. HF outperformed the control group on stapes and global scores (p < 0.05). The HF group demonstrated improvement in global score over trials, but plateaued after four trials. Scores varied greatly for participants from different institutions in certain operative steps, such as transecting incudostapedial joints, likely due to differences in instrumentation and time elapsed since manufacture. CONCLUSION: Practice with SMS led to better performance in both global and stapes-specific scores. Further studies are needed to examine construct validity and to create otology-appropriate grading systems. Variables like instrumentation and decline in flexibility of the simulator after 12 months greatly affect performance on the simulator.
Youner, Emily R.; Chillakuru, Yeshwant R.; Xu, Helen; Dedmon, Matthew; Labadie, Robert; Djalilian, Hamid; Mahboubi, Hossein; Westerberg, Brian; Vaisbuch, Yona; Blevins, Nikolas; Chen, Joseph; Lin, Vincent; Joyce, Morgan G.; Moncada, Paola X.; Dabiri, Sasan; Gurgel, Richard K.; Kouhi, Ali; and Monfared, Ashkan S., "Content Validity of a High-Fidelity Surgical Middle Ear Simulator: A Randomized Prospective International Multicenter Trial" (2023). GW Authored Works. Paper 3242.