Trends in the Use of Total Hip Arthroplasty in the Pediatric Population: A Review of the Literature
avascular osteonecrosis; legg-calve-perthes disease; pediatric hip disease; pediatric hip replacement; total hip arthroplasty; total hip replacement (thr); triradiate cartilage
Current literature shows that the utilization of total hip arthroplasty (THA) to address pediatric hip pathology has seen a significant rise worldwide in recent decades. However, performing THA in pediatric patients presents unique challenges due to their increased activity levels, varying skeletal maturity, and diverse medical conditions. These challenges have relegated THA to a secondary option for young patients. Nonetheless, despite these difficulties, recent studies have demonstrated a growing prevalence of THA in pediatrics. Consequently, there is an urgent need for a comprehensive review of the existing literature on this topic. In this study, we examined large database and single-institution studies involving pediatric patients aged 21 years and under who underwent THA. The primary indications for THA in this population were osteoarthritis, osteonecrosis, and inflammatory arthritis. To ensure informed decision-making for pediatric patients, it is crucial to gather consolidated information on trends and outcomes related to THA indications. This review aims to provide insights into these trends and facilitate better decision-making for the treatment of pediatric patients.
Peagler, Correggio L.; Dobek, Alexander J.; and Tabaie, Sean, "Trends in the Use of Total Hip Arthroplasty in the Pediatric Population: A Review of the Literature" (2023). GW Authored Works. Paper 3213.