Changes in pulmonary function following thoracic spine manipulation in a healthy inactive older adult population-a pilot study
Journal of physical therapy science
Physical therapy; Pulmonary function; Spinal-manipulation
[Purpose] Pulmonary function pathology is primarily treated pharmacologically, with a range of medication side effects. Few studies have systematically examined non-pharmacologic approaches such as joint manipulation effects on pulmonary function. This study examined the immediate and short-term effects of thoracic manipulation on pulmonary function. [Participants and Methods] Twenty-one physically inactive otherwise healthy participants aged 50 years or older were randomly assigned to either receive three sessions of thoracic manipulation (n=10) or three sessions of "sham intercostal training" (n=11). Outcome measures included forced vital capacity, maximal voluntary ventilation and thoracic excursion during maximal inhalation and exhalation. [Results] There was a statistically significant difference in maximal voluntary ventilation in the manipulation group, when measured within a week of the third intervention session and immediate effects in thoracic excursion during exhalation in the sham group following a single intervention session. There were no significant changes in other measures. [Conclusion] Spinal manipulation had no immediate effect on pulmonary function, however, affected an improvement in maximal voluntary ventilation within 7 days following a third session. The sham intervention showed a change in thoracic excursion during exhalation after the first session. Future research is necessary to further explore the relationship between thoracic manipulation and pulmonary function.
Jonely, Holly; Jayaseelan, Dhinu; Costello, Ellen; Signorino, Joseph; Wooten, Liana; Murray, Donal; and Woolstenhulme, Josh, "Changes in pulmonary function following thoracic spine manipulation in a healthy inactive older adult population-a pilot study" (2023). GW Authored Works. Paper 3139.
Health, Human Function, and Rehabilitation Sciences