The Use and Teaching of Telemedicine in Allergy/Immunology Training Programs

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



Current allergy and asthma reports




Allergy/Immunology; Curriculum; Electronic consults; Fellowship; Medical education; Telehealth; Telemedicine


PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The use of telemedicine has greatly increased since the onset of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. This review discusses the types of telemedicine, current telehealth curricula in medical education, and benefits and disadvantages of incorporation of telemedicine into Allergy/Immunology training programs. RECENT FINDINGS: The majority of Allergists/Immunologists use telemedicine in their clinical practice with leaders in graduate medical education recommending inclusion of telemedicine in training. Fellows-in-training reported that use of telemedicine in Allergy/Immunology training during the pandemic mitigated some concerns for lack of adequate clinical experience. Still, no standardized curriculum for telemedicine training in Allergy/Immunology exists, although curricula from internal medicine and primary care residencies can provide a framework for incorporation of telemedicine training into fellowship. Benefits of telemedicine in Allergy/Immunology training include enhanced immunology training, home environment monitoring, and flexibility to reduce physician burnout while disadvantages include limited physical examination skill building and lack of a standardized curriculum. As telemedicine has been widely accepted in medicine with high patient satisfaction, it is necessary to incorporate a standardized telehealth curriculum in Allergy/Immunology fellowship training, both as a tool for patient care as well as trainee education.