Measuring Overall Severity of Myasthenia Gravis (MG): Evidence for the Added Value of the MG Symptoms PRO

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



Neurology and therapy




Clinician-reported outcomes; Myasthenia gravis; Outcome measure; Patient-reported outcomes; Symptoms


INTRODUCTION: Accurate measurement of myasthenia gravis (MG) severity is required for appropriate clinical monitoring of patients with MG and assessment of the benefit of new treatments in clinical trials. Our objective was to explore how MG severity can be measured and to determine how the newly developed MG Symptoms Patient-Reported Outcome (PRO) instrument complements the available measures of MG severity. METHODS: The conceptual coverage of the Quantitative MG (QMG), MG Composite (MGC), MG-Activities of Daily Living (MG-ADL), and MG Symptoms PRO was scrutinized against core symptoms of MG: muscle weakness in three muscle groups (ocular, bulbar, and respiratory), muscle weakness fatigability, and physical fatigue. Post hoc analyses of the MG0002 study, a Phase 2a clinical trial of rozanolixizumab in adults with moderate to severe generalized MG, included correlation and Rasch model analyses. RESULTS: The qualitative appraisal highlighted that only the MG Symptoms PRO captured physical fatigue. Data from 541 assessments (43 unique patients) were used for the analyses. Correlations ranged between 0.56 and 0.74 for the MG-ADL, QMG, MGC, and MG Symptoms PRO Muscle Weakness Fatigability score, and between 0.20 and 0.71 for the MG Symptoms PRO scores focusing on independent muscle groups. Analyses with the Rasch model estimated a meaningful continuum of severity of MG, including all items, except ocular muscles, from the four instruments. The QMG and MG Symptoms PRO had the broadest coverage of the MG severity continuum. Muscle fatigability and physical fatigue were more characteristic of low severity while bulbar weakness indicated more severe MG. CONCLUSION: The severity of MG can be reflected in a meaningful continuum underpinned by the MG-specific outcome measures. Only ocular muscle manifestations were shown to reflect a possibly different facet of MG severity. With its modular nature and comprehensive content, the MG Symptoms PRO provides complementary information to the outcome measures widely used in MG. TRIAL REGISTRATION: identifier: NCT03052751.