Neurotoxic properties of the Zika virus envelope protein
Envelope protein; Neurological complications; Neurotoxicity; Poly adenosine diphosphate -ribose polymerase 1; Zika virus
Prenatal Zika virus (ZIKV) infection is a serious global concern as it can lead to brain injury and many serious birth defects, collectively known as congenital Zika syndrome. Brain injury likely results from viral mediated toxicity in neural progenitor cells. Additionally, postnatal ZIKV infections have been linked to neurological complications, yet the mechanisms driving these manifestations are not well understood. Existing data suggest that the ZIKV envelope protein can persist in the central nervous system for extended periods of time, but it is unknown if this protein can independently contribute to neuronal toxicity. Here we find that the ZIKV envelope protein is neurotoxic, leading to overexpression of poly adenosine diphosphate -ribose polymerase 1, which can induce parthanatos. Together, these data suggest that neuronal toxicity resulting from the envelope protein may contribute to the pathogenesis of post-natal ZIKV-related neurologic complications.
Steiner, Joseph P.; Bachani, Muznabanu; Malik, Nasir; Li, Wenxue; Tyagi, Richa; Sampson, Kevon; Abrams, Rachel P.; Kousa, Youssef; Solis, Jamie; Johnson, Tory P.; and Nath, Avindra, "Neurotoxic properties of the Zika virus envelope protein" (2023). GW Authored Works. Paper 2717.