Association between postictal EEG suppression, postictal autonomic dysfunction, and sudden unexpected death in epilepsy: Evidence from intracranial EEG
Clinical neurophysiology : official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
Heart rate variability; Intracranial EEG; Postictal EEG suppression; SUDEP; Scalp EEG; Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy
OBJECTIVE: The association between postictal electroencephalogram (EEG) suppression (PES), autonomic dysfunction, and Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy (SUDEP) remains poorly understood. We compared PES on simultaneous intracranial and scalp-EEG and evaluated the association of PES with postictal heart rate variability (HRV) and SUDEP outcome. METHODS: Convulsive seizures were analyzed in patients with drug-resistant epilepsy at 5 centers. Intracranial PES was quantified using the Hilbert transform. HRV was quantified using root mean square of successive differences of interbeat intervals, low-frequency to high-frequency power ratio, and RR-intervals. RESULTS: There were 64 seizures from 63 patients without SUDEP and 11 seizures from 6 SUDEP patients. PES occurred in 99% and 87% of seizures on intracranial-EEG and scalp-EEG, respectively. Mean PES duration in intracranial and scalp-EEG was similar. Intracranial PES was regional (<90% of channels) in 46% of seizures; scalp PES was generalized in all seizures. Generalized PES showed greater decrease in postictal parasympathetic activity than regional PES. PES duration and extent were similar between patients with and without SUDEP. CONCLUSIONS: Regional intracranial PES can be present despite scalp-EEG demonstrating generalized or no PES. Postictal autonomic dysfunction correlates with the extent of PES. SIGNIFICANCE: Intracranial-EEG demonstrates changes in autonomic regulatory networks not seen on scalp-EEG.
Esmaeili, Behnaz; Weisholtz, Daniel; Tobochnik, Steven; Dworetzky, Barbara; Friedman, Daniel; Kaffashi, Farhad; Cash, Sydney; Cha, Brannon; Laze, Juliana; Reich, Dustine; Farooque, Pue; Gholipour, Taha; Singleton, Michael; Loparo, Kenneth; Koubeissi, Mohamad; Devinsky, Orrin; and Lee, Jong Woo, "Association between postictal EEG suppression, postictal autonomic dysfunction, and sudden unexpected death in epilepsy: Evidence from intracranial EEG" (2023). GW Authored Works. Paper 2493.