The Spectrum of Quantitative EEG Utilization Across North America: A Cross-Sectional Survey
Continuous EEG; Critical care; Neuromonitoring; Pediatric neurocritical care; Quantitative EEG; Seizure; Spectral analysis
BACKGROUND: Continuous electroencephalography (cEEG) is commonly used for neuromonitoring in pediatric intensive care units (PICU); however, there are barriers to real-time interpretation of EEG data. Quantitative EEG (qEEG) transforms the EEG signal into time-compressed graphs, which can be displayed at the bedside. A survey was designed to understand current PICU qEEG use. METHODS: An electronic survey was sent to the Pediatric Neurocritical Care Research Group and Pediatric Status Epilepticus Research Group, and intensivists in 16 Canadian PICUs. Questions addressed demographics, qEEG acquisition and storage, clinical use, and education. RESULTS: Fifty respondents from 39 institutions completed the survey (response rate 53% [39 of 74 institutions]), 76% (37 of 50) from the United States and 24% (12 of 50) from Canada. Over half of the institutions (22 of 39 [56%]) utilize qEEG in their ICUs. qEEG use was associated with having a neurocritical care (NCC) service, ≥200 NCC consults/year, ≥1500 ICU admissions/year, and ≥4 ICU EEGs/day (P < 0.05 for all). Nearly all users (92% [24 of 26]) endorsed that qEEG enhanced care of children with acute neurological injury. Lack of training in qEEG was identified as a common barrier [85% (22 of 26)]. Reviewing and reporting of qEEG was not standard at most institutions. Training was required by 14% (three of 22) of institutions, and 32% (seven of 22) had established curricula. CONCLUSIONS: ICU qEEG was used at more than half of the institutions surveyed, but review, reporting, and application of this tool remained highly variable. Although providers identify qEEG as a useful tool in patient management, further studies are needed to define clinically meaningful pediatric trends, standardize reporting, and enhance educate bedside providers.
Benedetti, Giulia M.; Morgan, Lindsey A.; Sansevere, Arnold J.; Harrar, Dana B.; Guerriero, Réjean M.; Wainwright, Mark S.; LaRovere, Kerri L.; Kielian, Agnieszka; Ganesan, Saptharishi Lalgudi; and Press, Craig A., "The Spectrum of Quantitative EEG Utilization Across North America: A Cross-Sectional Survey" (2023). GW Authored Works. Paper 2292.